Re-Volt I/O

Re-Volt I/O - File Structures

File Structures

Date: January 29, 2017
Authors: Marv, Re-Volt Community, Ali
Categories: Technical
Tags: dev, development

Levels are similar to “Instances”. They consist of two files:
level.w, which is similar to instance.prm. It contains the “look” of the level.
level.ncp, which is similar to instance.ncp (but not equal). Contains the “feel” (What you cannot see but drive on).

The underlying coordinate system is right-handed: The positive X-Axis goes to the right, Y downwards and Z forwards.

rvfloat is a 32-bit floating point number,

rvshort a 16-bit integer and goes from -32768 to 32767, and

rvlong a 32-bit floating point number. (Both rvshort and rvlong are signed unless explicit marked as unsigned)

struct PRM_Mesh {

  test polygon_count;
  rvshort vertex_count;

  Polygon polygons[polygon_count];
  Vertex  vertices[vertex_count];

struct World {

  rvlong       mesh_count;
  Mesh         meshes[mesh_count];

  rvlong       bigcube_count;
  BigCube      bcube[bigcube_count];

  rvlong       animation_count;
  TexAnimation anim[animation_count]

  EnvList   env_list;

struct Mesh {

  Vector       bound_ball_center;
  rvfloat      bound_ball_radius;

  BoundingBox  bbox;

  rvshort      polygon_count;
  rvshort      vertex_count;

  Polygon      polygons[polygon_count];
  Vertex       vertices[vertex_count];

struct TexAnimation {

  rvlong frame_count; // the number of frames per animation
  Frame  frames[animation_count]

struct Frame {

  rvlong  texture;
  rvfloat delay; // in microseconds
  UV      uv[4];

struct Polygon {

           rvshort  type;

           rvshort  texture;

           rvshort  vertex_indices[4];
  unsigned rvlong   colors[4];

           UV       texcoord[4];

type is a bit field with the following values:

Bit-# Value Purpose in .w Purpose in .prm
bit 0 0x001 Polygon is quadratic Polygon is quadratic
bit 1 0x002 Polygon is double-sided Polygon is double-sided
bit 2 0x004 is translucent is translucent
bit 8 0x100 0: Alpha, 1: Additive transmarency 0: Alpha, 1: Additive transmarency
bit 10 0x400 unused Disable EnvMapping
bit 11 0x800 Enable EnvMapping unused

texture is the number of the texture page (0=levela.bmp, 1=levelb.bmp, …). If set to -1, the object won't have any texture.

vertex_indices is a list of three or four indices for the list in the mesh structure. If the polygon is not double-sided, the vertices have to be given in clockwise order. (if you look at it from its “behind”, the points will be ordered ccw, and the poly is invisible)

struct Vertex {

  Vector position;
  Vector normal;

struct Vector {

  rvfloat x;
  rvfloat y;
  rvfloat z;

struct UV {

  rvfloat u;
  rvfloat v;

struct BigCube {

  Vector  center;
  rvfloat size;

  rvlong  mesh_count;
  rvlong  mesh_indices[mesh_count];

struct WorldNCP {

  rvshort    polyhedron_count;
  Polyhedron polyhedra[polyhedron_count];

  LookupGrid lookup;

struct Polyhedron {

  rvlong      type;
  rvlong      surface;

  Plane       plane[5];

  BoundingBox bbox;

struct Plane {

  Vector  normal;
  rvfloat distance;

struct LookupGrid {

  rvfloat    x0;
  rvfloat    z0;

  rvfloat    x_size;
  rvfloat    z_size;

  rvfloat    raster_size;

  LookupList lists[z_size][x_size];

struct EnvList {

  unsigned rvlong env_color[number of bit-11-polys in file];

struct BoundingBox {

  rvfloat xlo, xhi;
  rvfloat ylo, yhi;
  rvfloat zlo, zhi;

struct RIM_File {

  rvshort   entry_count;

  RIM_Entry entries[entry_count];

struct RIM_Entry {
  rvulong     flags;

  Vector      plane_normal;
  rvfloat     plane_distance;

  BoundingBox bbox;

  Vector      vertices[4];

struct PAN {
    rvlong    number_nodes;
    rvlong    start_node;
    float     total_distance;

    Node      pos_nodes[number_nodes];

Position nodes don't consist of much. There is the number of nodes, the ID of the node the track starts with, the total length of the track and a list of Nodes. There is a maximum number of 1024 nodes (limit is hardcoded).

struct Node {
    Vector    position;
    float     distance;
    long      prev_node_ids[4];
    long      next_node_ids[4];

The nodes from the Pos. node file are very straightforward. There is a regular vector for its position, a float for the distance to the finish line and two lists of 4 longs that give you the IDs of the previous and next IDs of the nodes the current node is connected to. There is a maximum of 4 links (limit due to file definition). If there is no link, the value(s) are -1.

struct Fin {
    long      instance_count;
    Instance  instaces[instance_count];

struct Instance {
    char[9]   name;
    unsigned rvlong   color[3];
    unsigned rvlong   env_rgb[4];
    Byte              priority;
    Byte              flag;
    Vector            position;
    Matrix[3f][3f]    transformation;